5 Diseases That Can Cause Chronic Constipation


This is a condition of the digestive system in which there is difficulty in emptying the bowels. The stool is often hard, difficult to pass and infrequent. The normal frequency of bowel movements in adults is between three per day and three per week. When there is constipation, bowel movements may be less than 3 stools a week.

Common causes of constipation include dehydration, not eating enough fibre, and decreased physical activity.

Chronic constipation can be a symptom of a secondary disease like those below or medications. So, it’s worth checking out your symptoms with a doctor especially if there are other symptoms associated with it.
1. Hypothyroidism:  Hypothyroidism means that you have under-active thyroid hormone. It is sometimes also referred to as "slow" thyroid. Hypothyroidism slows down many of the body's systems, including digestion and elimination.  This could lead to chronic constipation. Other symptoms of hypothyroidism include puffiness in the face, especially around the eyes, hair loss, brittle nails, lower-than-normal body temperature, weight gain and fatigue.

2. Diabetes:  Diabetes can cause several health problems like chronic constipation. According to Mayo Clinic, high blood sugar levels seen in type 1 and 2 diabetes can lead to diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage. The nerves of the digestive tract can get damaged and lead to chronic constipation. Other symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst, weight loss, and frequent urination.

3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome:  Constipation is one of the symptoms of this disease.  A key symptom of this disease is abdominal pain caused by changes in bowel movement. Other symptoms are bloating and discomfort.

4. Parkinson’s Disease:  Constipation is a common problem in Parkinson's disease and may occur even before the motor symptoms appear. Other symptoms of this chronic and progress movement disorder include tremor, rigidity, and difficulty with balance.

      5.  Colo-rectal cancer:  This is a tumour from the inner wall of the colon or rectum. The symptoms are non-specific depending on where the tumour is situated. Symptoms include blood in the stool, dark coloured stooldiarrhoea, and constipation.

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